GNH WF Method and Optimization of GNH Resources by Dr. Mukund M. Moharir

GNH Weightage Factor (WF) Method is a mathematical procedure useful in the following cases:

  1. To identify relative importance (weightage) the surveyed population is knowingly/unknowingly attaching to each surveyed Domain while answering the Cantril Ladder Questionnaire (Subjective Happiness Survey).
  2.  To compute for every Domain optimum distribution of the current GNH budget and also of the added budget under various optimum allocation schemes.
  3. To compute the extra GNH budget required to enhance the current GNH to the desired value and to calculate optimum distribution of the extra budget amongst different Domains.
  4.  To compute under various optimization schemes the new GNH number when the budget of some Domain(s) is changed by certain percentage.
  5. To identify Paradigm Shift (PS) and Prime Movers of Happiness (PMH) situations in the available survey data.
  6. To compute the change in GNH value when the surveyor uses his/her own WF numbers for the Domains.
  7.  To eliminate the effect of arbitrary nature of GNH Index procedure deciding “who is happy and who is not”.
  8.   To identify Cantril Ladder GNH part not explained by GNH Index procedure.

The following two available survey data are used to illustrate WF Method procedures:

(1) Bhutan GNH survey data (Reference 1)

(2) Thailand GNH survey data (Reference 2).

Well-being, Happiness, and Public Policy

Well-being, Happiness, and Public Policy by Sabina Alkire

This document was submitted as a background paper to the International Expert Working Group on a New Development Paradigm and seeks to synthesise for busy readers, how the IEWG might explain and defend well-being and happiness and also what value-addition this work has in policy terms when compared with many other aligned and very necessary movements and policy advocacy for a shared well-being.

It outlines the concept of well-being, flourishing, and happiness for all which forms the objective of a new development paradigm.

First Published: 2015

ISBN 978-99936-14-79-1

© The Centre for Bhutan Studies & GNH Research

Comprehensive Review of the Land Act of Bhutan, 2007 for Revision

Comprehensive Review of the Land Act of Bhutan, 2007 for Revision by Lyonpo Dr. Kinzang Wangdi (former minister)

Since land is the main source of social and economic security to majority population in the country, but with land resource being finite, effort to ensure equitable distribution through various policy and legal measures may be in the long-term interest of the nation. The Constitution of Bhutan has adequate provisions to address this issue.

In this context, Dr. Dasho Kinzang Wangdi, former minister of Works of Human Settlement analyses and reviews the Land Act of Bhutan, 2007 and offers recommendations.

Rangeland Tenure Transfer An Analysis of Policy and Legal Issues in Bhutan

Rangeland Tenure Transfer An Analysis of Policy and Legal Issues in Bhutan by Lyonpo Dr. Kinzang Dorji

This book attempts to analyze the situation with regard to ownership pattern of Tsamdro (rangeland) prior to the Land Act of Bhutan 2007 vis-à-vis their livestock ownership at present as many are no longer engaged in grazing for their livelihoods; assess the need of individuals, communities and social groups to whom grazing rights need to be leased; and explore policy and legal options available to implement the provisions of the Land Act 2007

Gongzim Ugyen Dorji The King’s Aide and Diplomat Par Excellence

Gongzim Ugyen Dorji The King’s Aide and Diplomat Par Excellence by Tshering Tashi

Gongzim Ugyen Dorji (1855-1916) played a great supporting role in establishing the monarchy. The Gongzim was a simple man who shared the dream of his master, the first King of Bhutan, Ugyen Wangchuck. His story is an example and a tribute to all the Bhutanese who served and continue to serve their monarchs with complete dedication.

Taking Happiness Seriously

Taking Happiness Seriously – Eleven Dialogues on Gross National Happiness by Dr Ross McDonald

This is a collection of in-depth dialogues between the author and well-known players central to the formation of this important goal. It includes dialogues with the Honourable Prime Mnister of Bhutan, global luminaries in the fields of happiness/wellbeing such as Dr Ron Colman, Dr Nic Marks and Prof Ruut Veehoven along with important Bhutanese voices including the Anti-Corruption Commissioner, the country’s leading Buddhist scholar and voices from the media and civil society.

First published 2010

Portrait of a Leader

Portrait of a Leader: Through the Looking Glass of His Majesty’s Decrees by Mieko Nishimizu

This book describes eight dimensions of leadership of His Majesty the Fourth King of Bhutan according to the collection of 51 decrees that he has issued to the people of Bhutan.

The eight leadership dimensions are the following, in the order of the book’s sections: foresight, humility, head-and- heart conviction, good management, emotional intelligence, sensing the closure, empowering the people, and the perfect departure. Each section is self-contained, so that the readers may begin anywhere, and choose to peruse only those sections that interest them.

Gross National Happiness and Material Welfare in Bhutan and Japan

Gross National Happiness and Material Welfare in Bhutan and Japan by Tashi Choden, Takayoshi Kusago & Kokoro Shirai

In this book, through collaborative study between the Centre for Bhutan Studies and Osaka University, the authors take a closer look at Bhutan and Japan’s experiences and outlook in terms of subjective wellbeing and economic growth. While the two countries contrast in many respects, in particular with respect to geography and the stage of economic development, they also share common features. Both are largely Buddhist countries, and both can be said to be at a critical stage in their socio-economic development, although in quite different ways. While Japan must find a way to overcome a decade of economic crisis and to cope with the requirements of post-modern development, Bhutan must find an answer to the questions of how to deal with the changes triggered by its fairly recent modernization policy and how to position itself in the global economy. The challenge for both is essentially the same: how can economic progress be harnessed for the happiness of the people?

The authors attempt to find some answers to this question, through the utilization of existing data on life satisfaction in Japan, and through a pilot survey inventorying people’s perceptions on happiness and wellbeing in Bhutan. With their many differences as well as similarities, Bhutan and Japan are two uniquely positioned countries in Asia providing an interesting opportunity to understand the relation between economic or material prosperity and people’s subjective perceptions on what is most important for their wellbeing.

This report consists of the two major parts:

Part I is the analysis report of the pilot survey carried out by the Centre for Bhutan Studies on psychological and subjective wellbeing (PWB/SWB) in Bhutan and part II is the report on relationship between economic prosperity and people’s perceptions of their lives through the long-term trend data regularly collected by the government of Japan.

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