Journal of Bhutan Studies Volume 5, Winter 2001

1. His Holiness the 13th Dalai lama and Bhutan House in Kalimpong by Her Majesty The Queen Mother of Bhutan, Ashi Kesang Choden Wangchuck

Her Majesty describes the events as she remembers from His Holiness the Great 13th Dalai Lama Ngawang Lobzang Thubten Gyamtso’s visit to the newly built Bhutan House in Kalimpong in 1912 as a guest to her grandfather Raja Ugyen Dorji and his sister Ayi Thubten Wongmo.

2. On Bhutanese and Tibetan Dzongs by Ingun Bruskeland Amundsen

This paper reviews some of what is known about the historical developments of the dzong type of buildings in Tibet and Bhutan, and  thus discusses towers, khars (mkhar) and dzongs (rdzong). The first two are included in this context as they are important in the broad picture of understanding the historical background and typological developments of the later dzongs. The etymological background for the term dzong is also to be elaborated.

3. Guide to Chari Monastery – a Brief History of Chari Vajraya Monastery by His Holiness Nawang Tenzi

This is a translation of the description and history of the Chari Monastery (located in Thimphu) by the 68th Chief Abbot of Central Monastic Body. H.H Nawang Tenzin.

4. History of Has (Ha) Valley by Ven. Lam Pema Tshewang

Has (Ha) is situated in the west of the sandalwood Kingdom near Sikkim or the Hidden-Land Rice Valley. It is blessed with the presence of the three Boddhisatvas-Manjusri, Avalokitesvara and Vajrapani – the manifestations of all the Buddhas, who protect the three classes of beings, namely, the gods, the demi-gods and the humans that reside here. From this valley came forth sages who constructed two temples here, one of which was black and the other white. This sacred site, with its three ridges, is called Miri Punsum, meaning ‘The Three Brothers’ of Hills.

5. Guide to Chang Gangkha Monastery by Ven. Lam Pema Tshewang

This is a guide to Chang Gangkha monastery located in Thimphu valley, giving a detailed description of its significance and  how it was founded.

6. The Hidden Valley – Langdraney by Lhundup

It is a translation of the booklet on the Hidden Land of the Great Teacher and persevere of Buddhism, Ugyen Guru Padma Jungney (Lotus born) extracted by Lhundup from the mythological biography of Dorji Lingpa, the Discoverer of the Hidden Treasures.

7. Publications in Bhutan Since the Establishment of the ISBN Agency by Sonam Kinga

There has been a direct co-relationship between the printing industry and volume of publication in the country. Printing is not a new art. Traditional xylographic printing has been in existence for hundred of years in dzong and lhakhang. There, indigenous printing presses were established. Some of them still exist today. The National Library has a mini xylographic printing press and has about 10,000 wooden blocks covering about 20 religious texts. The construction of dzong in the 17th century and introduction of monastic syllabus across the country promoted the writings and publications of religious texts.

8. Patag – the Symbol of Heroes by Phuntsho Rapten

This paper attempts to describe the typology, process of manufacture and symbolic status and honouring system of swords and scabbards particularly of ceremonial patag cast and used by the Bhutanese. Patag symbolises authority and recognition of high honour and is therefore highly regarded and valued. This study is purely based on the findings of interviews held with retired civil servants, government officials, blacksmiths, and from a few available literature, and physical observation of patags. Photographs of swords and scabbards are used to the extent possible to give pictorial ideas and provide basis of comparison for similar researches. Patags are no longer cast in Bhutan. The Bhutanese blacksmiths cast only knives and short swords used for domestic purposes.

9. Perceptions of Security by Karma Ura

As a bridgehead between two economic, demographic and geo-political giants – India and China – has had great influence on our perception of security, which changes in response to internal and external circumstances. Issues of security occupy a great deal of attention of the state even in peacetime. It has become somewhat customary to assess issues from the point of view security because of the heightened and staunch sense of security in the country. This habit has had a constructive impact. Bhutan has been politically a stable country having been kept out of colonial domination, cold war and regional rivalries